The Rape Of Germany.

by Daniel Russ on August 29, 2010

Russians March Into Berlin In 1945

Stalin wanted the Russian Army to take Berlin by April 30th, 1945, in time for May 1st 1945, or the Mayday Celebration. The 150th Rifle Division of the Red Guards had come within a few hundred yards of the Reichstag and other government and administrative buildings. Smoke filled the air. Bodies rotted in the streets. Tens of thousands of German citizens were huddled into bomb shelters usually constructed into the ground floor or basements of apartment buildings. Almost 100,000 Foreign SS and ragtag Wehrmacht soldiers were holed up in the upper floors of government buildings each one fanatically defending the homeland from the Bolsheviks. The idea that the Russians just ran and overwhelmed the Reichstag defenders is nonsense. The Germans were well armed with machine guns, sniper rifles and panzer faust anti tank grenades. Some survivors say the area around the Reichstag was filled with burning Russian tanks, another reminder by the way that inside a city is not a place for tanks at all. Every time a Russian infantry unit made a run for the building, a blinding volley of automatic fire filled the air. Many Russian infantry units bought it in the streets just yards away from where Hitler had headquartered. Many of these soldiers had fought on foot all the way from Siberia just to die moments before victory. The 171st Rifle Battalion was pinned down for hours by a flak battery at the zoo under two miles away from the Russian line. The Germans had constructed a deep defensive ditch around the Reichstag. It was well defended and fighting was nowhere near over by noon of the 28th.

Vollksturm and Hitler Youth Fight Russians In Berlin In The Desperate Last Days Of The War

The Soviet forces kept bringing up self propelled guns and artillery. This included Katyusha rockets, 203mm mortars and 152mm howitzers. They had plenty of artillery rounds and poured a continuous rain of death on the Reichstag. There was no stopping at this. And amazingly, the building withstood the pounding. The Russian Eighth Guard and the Third Shock Army and First Ukrainian Army were held at bay at Tiergarten and Charlottenburg. To the west, also there were Hitler Youth who were actually holding ground fairly well. Also panzer Mk VI Tiger tanks from the Herman von Salza battalion were hunting for the T-34s of the Eight Guard and Third Shock Army.

German Women Managing However They Can In The Fighting In Berlin

On April 30th, Hitler killed himself. The senior staff that was leaving Hitler left and those that remained loyal to the bitter end stayed. Chuikov and Zhukov called a cease fire and communicated to German General Krebs that they had until 10:15 AM May 1st to surrender without condition. The Russians waited and received no response. At 10:30 AM the Russians fired every artillery tube at the Reichstag. Violence vicious house to house fighting continued for two more hours. Then, slowly, Germans began surrendering. Officers began asking for terms. Hundreds of Germans lay in makeshift hospitals screaming for help or morphine. They finally succumbed.

Women And Children, Raped And Killed By Marauding Russian Soldiers

German civilians were desperately trying to find holes in the fighting to jump out of basements and head west. The Russians were coming from the east and the Germans knew the Russians would be brutal. This was not because the Germans suspected the Russians were bent on revenge. To Germans, Bolsheviks were just animals. The Germans had no idea what the Wehrmacht had done to Russia.

The Russian columns consisted of a wide variety of people and equipment. Russian tankers in black leather, Russian equipment carriers on horseback, disheveled, ragtag exhausted Asian Russians from the Caucasus, Ukrainians, Russian officers and civilians working to help the Russians take control of the eastern portion of Berlin. These were angry people whose country had been literally devastated, whose friends and neighbors had been killed indiscriminately. In April of 1945, German women were right to head west. Because something awful was about to be perpetrated upon them.

Every evening after the shooting stopped, Russia soldiers, often high on vodka, began looking for German women. Wherever they found them, women were grabbed, and raped. Sometimes groups of women would be captured, taken to a warehouse, and gang raped by entire units of Russian men. Rape is the act of a conqueror, says feminist author Susan Brownmiller observed. She makes the point that rape is aimed at the “bodies of the defeated enemy’s women” to emphasize his victory.

An article in the UK Guardian reviews a book that talks about the horrid aftermath of the Russian victory in Berlin.

The subject of the Red Army’s mass rapes in Germany has been so repressed in Russia that even today veterans refuse to acknowledge what really happened. The handful prepared to speak openly, however, are totally unrepentant. “They all lifted their skirts for us and lay on the bed,” said the leader of one tank company. He even went on to boast that “two million of our children were born” in Germany.

The capacity of Soviet officers to convince themselves that most of the victims were either happy with their fate, or at least accepted that it was their turn to suffer after what the Wehrmacht had done in Russia, is striking. “Our fellows were so sex-starved,” a Soviet major told a British journalist at the time, “that they often raped old women of sixty, seventy or even eighty – much to these grandmothers’ surprise, if not downright delight.”

Domination and humiliation permeated most soldiers’ treatment of women in East Prussia. The victims not only bore the brunt of revenge for Wehrmacht crimes, they also represented an atavistic target as old as war itself. Rape is the act of a conqueror, the feminist historian Susan Brownmiller observed, aimed at the “bodies of the defeated enemy’s women” to emphasize his victory. Yet after the initial fury of January 1945 dissipated, the sadism became less marked. By the time the Red Army reached Berlin three months later, its soldiers tended to regard German women more as a casual right of conquest. The sense of domination certainly continued, but this was perhaps partly an indirect product of the humiliations which they themselves had suffered at the hands of their commanders and the Soviet authorities as a whole.

Estimates of rape victims from the city’s two main hospitals ranged from 95,000 to 130,000. One doctor deduced that out of approximately 100,000 women raped in the city, some 10,000 died as a result, mostly from suicide. The death rate was thought to have been much higher among the 1.4 million estimated victims in East Prussia, Pomerania and Silesia. Altogether at least two million German women are thought to have been raped, and a substantial minority, if not a majority, appear to have suffered multiple rape.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2002/may/01/news.features11

An article in the Daily Mail reviews a movie released in 2002 that deals with these events.

The Red Army’s atrocities against women in Dresden in the spring of 1945, a city that had already suffered heavily from Allied bombing, were carried out in a sickeningly systematic manner.

‘In the house next to ours, Soviet troops went in and pulled the women on to the street, had their mattresses pulled out and raped the women,’ recalled one inhabitant, John Noble.

‘The men had to watch, and then the men were shot. Right at the end of the street, a woman was tied to a wagon wheel and terribly misused.

‘Of course, you had the feeling that you wanted to stop it, but there was no possibility to do that.’ Women going to and from work past Red Army pickets were routinely raped.

 

The Russian war correspondent Vassily Grossman was embedded with the elite front-line Eighth Guards Army which committed rape, as did at least one of his own war correspondent colleagues.

As well as the estimated two million rapes in Germany, there were between 70,000 and 100,000 in Vienna and anywhere from 50,000 to 200,000 in Hungary, as well as thousands in Romania and Bulgaria, which had been pro-Nazi, but also in Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, which had not been.

Indeed, as Beevor points out, the Red Army even raped Russian women who had been liberated from concentration camps, emaciated and wearing their prison uniform.

Overall, however, Russian soldiers tended to prefer plumper and better-fed women, and one diarist recorded the satisfaction felt by some Berlin women that these tended to be the wives of Nazi Party functionaries.

Vodka played a role, of course, but the worst of the behaviour was fuelled by sheer hatred and aggression, as well as a cold-hearted sense of deterrence for the future.

‘It’s absolutely clear that if we don’t really scare them now, there will be no way of avoiding another war in future,’ one Red Army soldier wrote at the time.

In a recently published book by the Professor of Modern History at Cambridge, Richard Evans, a young Russian officer is quoted recalling how when his unit overtook a column of fleeing German refugees: ‘Women, mothers and their children lie to the right and left along the route, and in front of each of them stands a raucous armada of men with their trousers down.

The women, who are bleeding or losing consciousness, get shoved to one side, and our men shoot the ones who try to save their children.’

A group of ‘grinning’ officers ensured that ‘every soldier without exception would take part’.

Evans records: ‘Rape was often accompanied by torture and mutilation and frequently ends in the victim being shot or bludgeoned to death. The raging violence was undiscriminating.’

The insistence on the men watching the rapes was deliberate policy, intended ‘to underline the humiliation’.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1080493/Stalins-army-rapists-The-brutal-war-crime-Russia-Germany-tried-ignore.html#ixzz0xkY6rpfO

I think it’s important to remember that not all Germans were guilty of what the Nazis did nor were they even aware of the crimes of the Nazis. Many of these women had already suffered privations one can only imagine. Their husbands were deployed into Russia, many of them never heard from again. Their cities were being bombed into powder. Many of them were just barely surviving, looking for food and water and safe places to keep their children. And now this, the ultimate deprivation: systematic rape and murder at the hands of strangers. At some point, the rape stopped being about power and domination. It was a conquerors right to have sexual congress with the conquered. But thousands of German women were violated, punished in the worst ways for things someone else did. This is a tragic and terrible chapter not just in Russian history, but in human history. These are the results of warfare. These are the flowers that bloom from holocausts and ideologically born bigotry. This is one more reason why war is hell.

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{ 8 comments… read them below or add one }

Maria Douyon September 4, 2010 at 5:06 am

I am coming from the south of Germany, but my parents – esp. my father – have scottish ancestors. Thus I believe to be western European with some Anglo-Saxon influence. Your interesting words about the German people seem to be extremely unaffirmative for my ears; I’d think, American politicians could learn a lot from how german politics is handling its crisis in the moment.

Nolan Sugai November 26, 2010 at 2:53 pm

It has now been asked whether this unwarranted attack was planned by NK. Well, of course it was planned! Even if Kim Jung Il’s generals were not directly under his control, they would not risk the attack drawing return fire from SK or US forces. It had to be carefully planned to show Kim Jung Un how to pull the trigger and excite the world. NK will continue to do stuff like this to get the UN to recommend aid be increased. The UN needs to disband and go back to all those third world countries that they represent and do something useful with their own money.

e m schipper March 21, 2011 at 1:35 pm

are there any women who want to talk about this heavy subject?
i ve just read a book about the woman who where all alone and had to survive. what is it that you knew and didnt knew but what you help to survive.please call or send me a message.thank for everything in so far.

Joe July 25, 2011 at 7:20 pm

Pure Nazi Propaganda

Daniel Russ July 25, 2011 at 8:03 pm

Hey Joe,

These are just the facts.

And these facts are well documented.

Thanks for the visit.

By the way, if you think these facts are wrong, please present your case.

matias salvador August 27, 2011 at 9:36 pm

I think your article about raped in soviet occupied germany is not true. a army that was led by communist will not tolerate a crime, rape on that time are isolate case done by undiciplined soldiers and not as organized as you think. youre book is part of anti communist propaganda.

Daniel Russ August 27, 2011 at 10:57 pm

Facts are stubborn things. The Russians did systematically rape and brutalize German citizens.

Max August 13, 2012 at 3:48 pm

Whenever there is an unbalance of power, the potential for rape increases. This is true particularly during the chaos of wartime.Rape during wartime appears to have gone through three main stages: rape as a routine and expected reward to the victors, random rape due to lack of military discipline, and systematic rape as a military technique to demoralize the opposition.Rape is increasingly being intentionally used as an intentional tactic of terror. Rape was a weapon of terror as the German Hun marched through Belgium in World War I; gang rape was part of the orchestrated riots of Kristallnacht which marked the beginning of Nazi campaigns against the Jews. It was a weapon of revenge as the Russian Army marched to Berlin in World War II, it was used when the Japanese raped Chinese women in the city of Nanking, when the Pakistani Army battled Bangladesh, and when the American G.I.s made rape in Vietnam a ‘standard operating procedure aimed at terrorizing the population into submission’. For example there is a fair amount of evidence of Russian soldiers raping German women, while noting the atrocities the Germans inflicted in Russia. The material that historian Sönke Neitzel uncovered in British and American archives is nothing short of sensational. While researching the submarine war in the Atlantic in 2001, he discovered the transcripts of covertly recorded conversations between German officers in which they talked about their wartime experiences with an unprecedented degree of openness: Wallus: “In Warsaw , our troops had to wait in line in front of the building’s door. InRadom , the first room was full while the truck people stood outside. Each woman had 14 to 15 men per hour. They replaced the women every two days.”
Niwiem: “I have to say that we weren’t nearly as respectable in France sometimes. When I was in Paris , I saw our soldiers grabbing girls in the middle of a bar, throwing them across a table and — end of story! Married women, too!” …. Müller: “When I was in Kharkov (in present-day Ukraine ), everything was destroyed except the center of the city. A wonderful city, a wonderful memory. All the people there spoke a little German, which they had learned in school. And in Taganrog (inRussia ) there were wonderful cinemas and wonderful beach cafés. I went everywhere in a truck. And all you saw were women doing compulsory labor.”
Fausst: “Oh, my God!”
Müller: “They were building roads, drop-dead gorgeous girls. So we drove by, pulled them into the truck, screwed them and them threw them out again. Boy, they sure cursed at us.” A senior German army officer voiced his disgust at a junior lieutenant’s giggling account of how he and his men raped a so-called woman “spy” in Russia and then threw hand grenades at her. “She didn’t half scream when they exploded near her,” the lieutenant jeered……To understand why the rape of Germany was so uniquely terrible, the context is essential. Operation Barbarossa, the Nazi invasion of Russia in 1941, began the most genocidal conflict in history. Perhaps 26 million inhabitants of the Soviet Union are now thought to have died during the war, including more than three million who were deliberately starved in German PoW camps.The soldiers were encouraged by their leader Josef Stalin to regard the crime as a spoil of war after Hitler’s invasion had left 26million Russians dead. The Soviets, of course, weren’t the only ones; soldiers from other Allied armies were also guilty of sexual violence as they moved into Germany from the West. For example, the stay of the French foreign legion in Stuttgart was marked with mass rapes of German women. Police records of Stuttgart show thatduring the French occupation, 1,198 women were raped and eight men violated by French troops, mostly Moroccans.” Little is known about the forced prostitution of German women by American soldiers in the years between 1945 until the currency reform of 1948 In order to accommodate their children, they sought proximity to American soldiers, who gave the hard dollars not without any return. In order to offer them, the women often drove for hours and days on freight trains to the barracks, where they waited in line. From this ate whole family.Between 1942 and 1945, US GIs were legally “charged with” committing 11,040 rapes in Germany (a far lesser number were prosecuted}.According to the publication “The U.S. Army in the Occupation of Germany”:”Of all the crimes committed by U.S. troops, the best….documented was rape, and it showed a “spiral increase” in the closing months of the war.”More German people died in the British and American sectors of occupation (and were raped too) than in the Soviet sector immediately after the war. Truth needs to be told at last.

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