It was a battle that pitted Indian against Indian. It pitted European versus European. It was hardly recorded. The paroxysm of violence was seen by hardly anyone and it was fought on a continent a million times larger than the battlefield.
Yet it had an ineluctable effect on US history.
In 1720, on a flat plain in between the Platte River and the Loop in Eastern Nebraska two groups clashed. On one side combatants were Spanish soldiers, New Mexican settlers and Indians from the Apache and the Pueblo tribes. And on the other side were Indians from the Pawnee and Oto nations allied with French trappers and traders.
In an early morning raid, the Spanish leader, Don Pedro de Villasur, was killed. In a close battle, the less than 200 soldiers on the Spanish side were send reeling. The battle itself is depicted in the Segesser Hide Paintings, paintings rendered by Indians on bison hides.
These paintings were found recently in Omaha near where the actual battle happened. The significance of this battle is that it portended the end of the Eastern expansion of the Spanish Empire.
This is why Georgia and Tennessee don’t have Spanish names.
“The presence of these sherds in an Ioway or Oto settlement, possibly as loot from the battle, also marks the end of Spanish incursion onto the Great Plains,” says David Hill of the Metro State University
Strange remains, wiki.