The Mexican Infantryman’s Musket At The Alamo Was A Cheap Knock Off.

by Daniel Russ on October 15, 2013







The Mexican Army of the 19th century wore single breasted jackets with dark blue and had red collar and red cuffs. Jackets  and pants in the summer were cotton and in the winter they were wool. The Mexican soldado fired a late 18th century pattern musket designed in Britain but manufactured in India to save the Queen money (nothing ever changes does it?).

They were heavy guns, weighing in at about ten pounds with a socket bayonet that was over a foot long and weighed a pound as well. The Mexican regulars in the army of Santa Ana were more than a match for the Kentucky and Texas frontiersmen. The musket they used was an unfortunate lower cost Indian knock off that was a copy of the “Brown Bess”. This musket was about 40 inches long and weighed 12 pounds fully loaded. It probably fired a .69 caliber ball, and was powered by a typical British 165 grain powder cartridge. The British were supporting the Mexican infantry because they were fighting the Bete Noire of the British: The French. The Indian made knock off was of lower quality and demonstrated reliability problems.

With holdings all through the Indian Subcontinent and in Southeast Asia, the British had slaves and low cost workers at their beck and call. It is no wonder that they skimped on the soldiers to save a few pence. Is it any different today?


Sources: Wiki, Cherry’, Palo Alto Living, Fighting Techniques of the Colonial Era, Bruce, Jestice, Rice, Reid Schneid. St. Martrin’s Press.2009




The Brown Bess



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{ 1 comment… read it below or add one }

Larry Beachum March 16, 2019 at 11:40 am

The Third Model (East India Company) Brown Bess muskets bought by the Mexican government from the British in 1826, and used 1835-1836 in Texas, were made in England. That model had a 39″ barrel and the British East India Company built arms for it’s own private army in India. The BEIC administered India for the Crown until the Sepoy Rebellion, 1857. In 1797 the British started copying the BEIC model for general use. Dr. Gregg Dimmick has excavated a musket lock plate from a former campsite of General Urrea’s forces in Wharton County with “Barnet London” on it. The British sold surplus muskets made in England. BEIC Brown Bess muskets were not theirs to sell.

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